How the 100m Olympic document has modified since begin of Summer season Video games
Within the 125 12 months historical past of Olympic Video games, the time in males’s 100m has solely gone down by 2.37 seconds regardless of the development in observe high quality, diet, shoe expertise.
When the primary trendy Olympics had been held in Athens in 1896, Thomas Burke gained the 100m gold medal with a time of 12 seconds. The tight curves of the observe did not make issues straightforward for the opponents with only a few world information set on the occasion. Burke was the one athlete to make use of the “crouch begin” (placing his knee on the soil) maneouver, which confused the jury. Ultimately, the beginning was allowed and settle for whereas being labelled as an “uncomfortable place”. On the identical Video games, he gained a gold medal within the 400m occasion as properly regardless of a depleted discipline.
Dash racing has come a good distance since then. That was the one 12-second time at an Olympics in males’s 100m. The timings had been decreased to 11-second vary from the following Video games on. In 1908, they dropped to the 10-second mark. In 1968, Jim Hines gained gold with 9.95 seconds – the primary sub-10 second mark. Usain Bolt shattered the earlier information on the Beijing Olympics first (9.69 seconds) and London Olympics subsequent (9.63 seconds) and that is nonetheless not the quickest within the 100m race.
On this 120-year historical past of the Olympic Video games, the time in 100m has solely gone down by 2.37 seconds regardless of the development in observe high quality, diet, shoe expertise.
Such is the velocity of Bolt that he would go away the remainder of the Olympic gold medallists behind. In the event that they had been to race collectively on the 2012 London Olympics, Bolt would have crossed the end line with Justin Gatlin 2.23 meters behind, Hines 3.22 meters behind, and Burke, the primary 100m gold medallist, 19.75 meters behind.
Among the many ladies, the progress in timings has been even smaller. When Betty Robinson gained the primary ladies’s Olympic gold in 100m on the 1928 Video games, she posted a time of 12.2 seconds. In 1988, Florence Griffith Joyner set the quickest time of 10.54 seconds however it got here at a time when the wind velocity was 3m/s. On the 2016 Rio Olympics, Elaine Thompson of Jamaica clocked 10.71 seconds.
So, in 88 years, ladies’s timings have solely gone down by 1.66 seconds. Or, 1.49 seconds if evaluating like-for-like conditions.
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